Headaches behind the eyes are common, and they may result from underlying health issues ranging from eye strain to migraine.
Focusing and refocusing on a screen for long periods can cause eye strain, which can also result from problems with vision.
Fatigue from eye strain can cause pain behind one or both eyes. A person may also experience pain in their eyes or blurry vision.
Some underlying health issues that cause eye strain include:
optic neuritis, which is inflammation of the optic nerve.
scleritis, which is severe inflammation of the white part of the eye
glaucoma, a disease that affects the optic nerve
Graves’ disease, an autoimmune disorder
Staring at a computer, TV, or phone screen for long periods can also cause eye strain.
In addition to a migraine headache, a person may experience:
- eye pain
- sensitivity to light and sound
- mood changes
- impaired vision
While doctors are unsure what, precisely, causes migraine, they recognize several common triggers. These are not the same for everyone.
Migraine triggers may be:
emotional, such as stress or anxiety
dietary, such as chocolate or alcohol
physicals, such as a lack of sleep or poor posture
hormonal, such as menstruation
environmental, such as strong smells, smoke, or flickering lights
medication-related, involving sleeping pills or hormone therapies, for example
And More Problems Like
Avoiding the various factors below can often help relieve or prevent pain behind the eyes:
- loud noises
- strong perfume and other odors
- alcohol use
- changes in hormones
- bright lights
- a lack of sleep
Over-the-counter pain medication can often relieve mild or moderate headaches, but when the pain is severe, prescription medication may be necessary.
Utsav Eye Clinic
Dr. Anand Kumar
Kharghar Navi Mumbai