Though modern amblyopia treatments might improve vision in older children and adults, most experts agree that early detection and treatment of lazy eye is preferred for normal visual development and the best visual outcomes from amblyopia treatment.
Experts recommends that all children have their first eye exam at 6 months of age, another exam at age 3 and a third exam prior to entering school to ensure vision is developing normally in both eyes and there is no risk of amblyopia.
Amblyopia will not go away on its own, and untreated lazy eye can lead to permanent visual problems. If later in life your child’s stronger eye develops disease or is injured, he or she will depend on the poor vision of the amblyopic eye, so it is best to treat amblyopia early on. Treatment of lazy eyes in navi Mumbai is often delayed due to late diagnosis, parental apathy and non compliance to treatment by the children.
What is patching or occlusion therapy?
The child will be asked to wear a patch on the better seeing eye for 2-6 hours a day depending how lazy the eye is. It is best if during this time, close work, reading or colouring is encouraged in order to encourage the lazy eye to see.
What is Atropine penalization therapy?
Atropine eye drops or ointment will blur the vision and dilate the pupil. It is long lasting and only needs to be given once or twice a week. As the sight in the better eye is now blurred, the child will be forced to use the lazy eye more. This treatment is expected to improve the vision in the lazy eye. It is usually reserved for “mild” to “moderate” lazy eyes cases.
Utsav Eye Clinic is one of the few centres that use pharmacotherapy for treatment of lazy eyes in navi mumbai.
How long will my child need to wear an eye patch to treat his or her lazy eye?
The time needed to treat a lazy eye using an eye patch depends on several factors.
First, the age at which your child’s visual problems developed and how old he or she was when diagnosed can determine how long he or she will need to wear an eye patch. Generally, the younger your child is, the sooner he or she will respond to treatment and the better the outcome of this will be.
The severity of the lazy eye and how good your child’s vision is will affect how long he or she will need an eye patch. The better your child’s vision is, the quicker treatment will start to work.
The cause of a visual problem can also affect how well treatment works. If your child’s lazy eye is caused by unequal vision in each eye because of problems such as long-sightedness, short-sightedness or astigmatism (where the cornea at the front of the eye isn’t perfectly curved), it will usually take longer for treatment to be effective than if it’s caused by a squint.
Finally, the biggest factor affecting the length and success of treatment is how strictly the treatment plan is followed. It’s very important that your child carefully follows the treatment plan from the pediatric ophthalmologist.